What is Morse Code?

Morse Code is a code for translating letters to dots and dashes.
These represent a short and long signal duration.

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is tumblr_npt3xeKArr1tka22do2_400.gif

Who Is Samuel Morse?

Samuel Morse developed the code in the 1830’s to send messages through the telegraph machine.

STEM IS FUN : ••• — • — — / •• ••• / ••—• ••— —•

What is the Telegraph?

How Does it Work?
Electrical signals are translated to auditory or written dots and dashes.

Why is it Useful for Morse Code?
Dots and dashes can easily be encoded for Morse code.

Did you know?
The common distress signal “SOS” doesn’t stand for anything, instead it was chosen as it is easy to transmit.
••• — — — ••• 

How Telegraph Machines Work on Make a GIF

Why do we use Morse Code?

⚬ Easy communication across long distances.
⚬ Played a critical role in World War II for the NAVY. It was more secure and traveled a longer distance than voice telephone!

The Alphabet

Morse Code as Spoken Language

As ‘code talkers’ grew more and more comfortable with Morse Code, they eventually stopped needing to reference an alphabet chart, and could translate letters just by hearing the long and short beeps. This lead to the development of Morse Code as a spoken language rather than just a written one

Fun Fact:
⚬ Morse code was designed so that the length of each symbol is inverse to its frequency
of occurrence in the English language (more common=shorter and vice versa)
⚬ The most common letter in the English language is ‘E’, thus the Morse code for ‘E’ is a single dot:  •
⚬ The next most common letter is the letter ‘T’, thus the Morse code for ‘T’ is a single dash:  

Try these Examples!
•••• / ••


••• / — — — / •••


••• / — / • / — —


Click and expand the boxes to show the answer.
What Season Is It?
••—• / •— / •—••/•—••


What Day Is It?
— / ••— / • / ••• / —•• / •— / •—••