In the Classroom
How do fish in the Southern Ocean keep from freezing?




Book: Fishes of the Southern OceanRemaining copies of Fishes of the Southern Ocean (Gon & Heemstra, eds, 1990) are still available from the South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity (formerly the JLB Smith Institute of Ichthyology). Please place orders with Margie Shaw ( or Phumeza Mpambani ( The cost is (50 Euros or 35 British pounds), including VAT and bank charges, but excluding shipment.


Census of Marine Life (CoML)
This site provides quick and easy access to all elements of the CoML and basic information about each element including ANDEEP (ANarctic benthic DEEP-sea biodiversity) within Census of Diversity of Abyssal Marine Life (CeDAMar).

Consortium for Oceanographic Research and Education (CORE)
CORE is a non-profit, Washington, DC-based organization that represents seventy-four of the nation's academic institutions, aquaria, non-profit research institutes and Federal research laboratories with the common goal of promoting and enhancing the ocean research and education.

NOAA Reasearch Ocean and Coastal Resources
NOAA's research laboratories, National Sea Grant College Program, National Undersea Research Program, and research partners study a very wide range of topics related to the oceans and U.S. Great Lakes. These include coastal hazards, ocean circulation, pollution, invasive species, fisheries and aquaculture, and ocean products.

The Smithsonian Museum of Natural History Fish Division
The fish collection, at the National Museum of Natural History, is the largest in the world, with approximately 540,000 lots (a lot consists of all specimens of a species from the same time and place) and about 3.5 million specimens.

NOAA/NMFS Systematics Laboratory