Categorization of Beam-Column Tests

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The tables on the following pages categorize individual beam-column tests from the papers summarized above based on salient test parameters. The beam-column tests are separated into circular and rectangular and then subdivided into three categories based on the L/D ratio and the type of loading: cross-section tests (L/D < 10), monotonic beam-column tests (L/D ≥ 10) , and cyclic beam-column tests (all L/D). Each of the resulting six tables consists of a matrix of nine entries. Tests were placed in the appropriate entry in the matrix based on the D/t ratio and f'c.

This categorization facilitates a quick overview of the types of CFTs in the collected literature that have been tested and shows what areas are lacking test results. The tables were motivated by the need for a concise experimental summary as a first step in calibrating analytical results.

All of the tests are beam-column experiments. Tests loaded purely by axial force are not included in these tables, with the exception of cyclic tests of CFTs used as braces. Tests in which the experimental setup consisted of more than one member (e.g., subassemblies) are noted in the tables. Also, the tests presented in the following tables are only those in which the experiments were documented in sufficient detail to permit their use in calibrating an analytical model. Complete references for each paper are shown in Appendix B. Each tabular entry is presented in the following format:

Author(s), Year (Number of Tests)
[L/D; D/t; f'c (ksi); fy (ksi)]

Table R1. Rectangular CFT Cross-Section Tests

(L D< 10)

Low D/t

(5 - 24)

Medium D/t

(24 - 50)

High D/t

(50 - )

Low f'c

(2-5)

Tomii and Sakino 1979 a & b (7)

[3; 24; 2.7-2.9; 41.4]

Furlong 1967 (13)

[9.0; 32, 48; 3.4, 4.2; 48]


Tomii and Sakino 1979 a & b (21)

[3; 33-44; 3-5.5; 28-49]

Medium f'c

(5-9)

Furlong 1967 (4)

[7.2; 26; 6.5; 70.3]


Nakahara and Sakino 2000a,

Nakahara and Sakino 2000b (4)

[3; 34, 47; 6.9; 31, 46]

Nakahara and Sakino 2000a,

Nakahara and Sakino 2000b (2)

[3; 98; 6.9; 37]

High f'c

(9-)

Nakahara and Sakino 1998 (5)

[3; 30; 17; 45, 113]


Varma et al. 2000, 2001, 2002, 2004 (8)

[5; 32, 48; 15; 46, 80]

Nakahara and Sakino 1998 (5)

[3; 60; 17; 45, 113]


Table R2. Monotonic Rectangular Beam-Column Tests

(L D≥ 10)

Low D/t

(5 - 24)

Medium D/t

(24 - 50)

High D/t

(50 - )

Low f'c

(2-5)

Bridge 1976 (4)

[10.5, 15; 20, 24; 4.6; 44]


Han and Yan 2001 (3)

[18.5; 20; 3.4; 47]

Shakir-Khalil and Mouli 1990 (4)

[21-37; 30; 4.4-4.9; 50-56]


Tsuda, Matsui, and Mino 1996 (18) [4-30; 35.1; 4.6; 59.8]


Han and Yan 2001 (3)

[18.5; 20; 3.4; 47]

Medium f'c

(5-9)

Knowles and Park 1969 (4)

[11, 18.7; 23; 5.9; 47, 58]


Bridge 1976 (4)

[11-20; 20, 24; 5.3; 37-45]


Shakir-Khalil, '89 (7)

[23, 35; 16, 24; 5.4; 53]


Cederwall, Engstrom, and Grauers 1990 (4)

[25; 15; 5.7-6.8; 44-64]


Shakir-Khalil, '90 (12

[23; 24; 4.9-5.4; 49-53]


Lu and Kennedy 1994 (1)

[20; 16; 6.8]

Cederwall, Engstrom, and Grauers 1990 (2)

[25; 24; 6.8; 44-64]


Shakir-Khalil, '91(11)

[21-32; 30; 5.4-6.2; 48-53]


Lu and Kennedy 1994 (11)

[8.8-20; 24-39.6; 5.9- 6.8; 51-63]


Zhang and Shahrooz 1997 (2)

[14.4; 32; 6.1; 54]

High f'c

(9-)

Cederwall, Engstrom, and Grauers 1990 (10)

[25; 15; 11.6-14.9; 44-64]

Cederwall, Engstrom, and Grauers 1990 (2)

[25; 24; 13.9; 44-64]


Table R3. Cyclic Rectangular Beam-Column Tests

(L D≥ 10)

Low D/t

(5 - 24)

Medium D/t

(24 - 50)

High D/t

(50 - )

Low f'c

(2-5)

Sakino and Tomii 1981 (4)

[6; 24; 2.9; 42-45]


Sakino and Ishibashi 1985 (4)

[2; 24; 3.1-3.7; 42-46]


Kawaguchi, '91, '93 (14)

[10; 22, 31; 3.1-3.6; 49]


Morino et al. 1993 (5--2D and 3D subassemblies)

[14.3; 21.3; 2.9; 57]


Kawaguchi et al. 2002 (4--2D 1 bay frames)

[8; 21.6; 2.7; 58.5]


Sakino and Tomii 1981 (11)

[4, 6; 34-46; 3.5; 42-45]


Sakino and Ishibashi 1985 (8)

[2; 34, 45; 2.4-3.7; 42-46]


Liu and Geol 1988 (2)

[23, 45; 30; 4; 54, 60]

Matsui and Tsuda 1987 (6)

[5.0; 47-94; 5.7-6.0; 71.5]

Medium f'c

(5-9)

Fujimoto et al. 1996 & Inai et al. 2004 (2)

[6; 20.0, 23.3; 5.8; 85.6, 113.1]

Matsui 1985, 1986 (2--2D 1 bay frames)

[6.7; 33, 47; 5.4; 42, 60]


Liu and Geol 1988 (4)

[23-68; 14, 30; 6-8; 54-60]


Sugano, Nagashima, and Kei 1992 (1)

[6.8; 31.3; 5.5; 54]


Tsuda, Matsui, and Mino 1996 (10)

[6-24; 34.5; 5; 58.6]


Fujimoto et al. 1996 & Inai et al. 2004 (4)

[6; 30-46.7; 5.8; 58.1-113.1]


Nakahara and Sakino 2000a

Nakahara and Sakino 2000b (3)

[3; 34, 47; 6.9; 31, 46]


Hardika and Gardner 2004 (6)

[6.7; 34; 6; 54]

Matsui 1985, 1986 (1--2D 1-bay frame)

[6.7; 68; 5.5; 42]


Nakahara and Sakino 2000a

Nakahara and Sakino 2000b (2)

[3; 98; 6.9; 37]


Hardika and Gardner 2004 (6)

[6.7; 51; 6; 54]

High f'c

(9-)

Fujimoto et al. 1996 & Inai et al. 2004 (7)

[6; 20.0, 23.3; 13.1; 85.6, 113.1]

Varma et al. 2000, 2001, 2002, 2004 (8)

[5; 32, 48; 15; 46, 80]


Fujimoto et al. 1996 & Inai et al. 2004 (7)

[6; 30-46.7; 13.1; 58.1-113.1]


Hardika and Gardner 2004 (6)

[6.7; 34; 15; 54]

Hardika and Gardner 2004 (6)

[6.7; 51; 15; 54]

Table C1. Circular CFT Cross-Section Tests

(L D≥ 10)

Low D/t

(5 - 24)

Medium D/t

(24 - 50)

High D/t

(50 - )

Low f'c

(2-5)

Kitada, Yoshida, and Nakai 1987 (3)

[5.0; 23; 5.0; 41-53]


Elchalakani, Zhao, and Grzebieta 2001 (2)

[7.9, 9.9; 20.2, 23.5; 3.4; 59.2, 66.1]

Furlong 1967 (5)

[8.0; 36; 4.2; 42-60]

Kitada, Yoshida, and Nakai 1987 (11)

[5.0; 25, 33; 2.5, 5.0; 41-53]


Sakino 1995 (2)

[3.0; 34; 3.6; 121]


Elchalakani, Zhao, and Grzebieta 2001 (5)

[5.9, 9.9; 24.9, 40.2; 3.4; 52.9, 62.8]

Furlong 1967 (5)

[6.0; 98; 3.0-3.8; 42-60]


Sakino 1995 (4)

[3.0; 53, 101; 3.6; 42, 84]


Elchalakani, Zhao, and Grzebieta 2001 (3)

[7.2, 7.3; 73.9-109.9; 3.4; 58]

Medium f'c

(5-9)

Knowles and Park 1969 (2)

[9.1; 15; 5.9; 48-53]


Sakino 1995 (2)

[3.0; 17; 5.8; 121]

Cai 1991 (9)

[5.2-9.3; 33; 5.0; 40-46]


Sakino 1995 (2)

[3.0; 27 ; 5.8; 84]

Furlong 1967 (12)

[7.2; 53; 5.1; 42-60]


Knowles and Park 1969 (2)

[9.8; 59; 5.9; 48-53]


Bridge and Webb 1993 (2)

[3.0; 124; 8.6; 38]


Sakino 1995 (12)

[3.0; 51-152; 5.8; 42, 84]


O'shea and Bridge 1997c (9)

[3.5; 63-190; 7.3; 36]

High f'c

(9-)

Ichinohe et al. 1991 (4)

[2.0; 26-48; 8.5-9.6; 51-85]


Sakino 1995 (2)

[3.0; 34; 11.3; 121]

Prion and Boehme 1989 (3)

[7.0; 92; 13.3; 36-48]


Ichinohe et al. 1991 (7)

[2.0; 52-71; 9.0-9.6; 51-85]


Sakino 1995 (4)

[3.0; 53, 101; 11.3; 42, 84]


O'shea and Bridge 1997c (7) [3.5; 63-190; 12; 36]


O'shea and Bridge 1997d (7)

[3.5; 63-190; 15; 36]

Table C2. Monotonic Circular Beam-Column Tests

(L D≥ 10)

Low D/t

(5 - 24)

Medium D/t

(24 - 50)

High D/t

(50 - )

Low f'c

(2-5)

Neogi, Sen, and Chapman 1969 (5)

[20-24; 14-24; 2.6-4; 25-40]


Elchalakani, Zhao, and Grzebieta 2001 (2)

[17.6, 17.8; 12.8, 17.0, 3.4; 64.1, 66.7]

Neogi, Sen, and Chapman 1969 (3)

[20-24; 26-30; 3.7-4.1; 25-40]


Cai 1991 (18)

[10.2-19.3; 33; 3.4-5.0; 40-46]

Medium f'c

(5-9)

Knowles and Park 1969 (3)

[; 15; 5.9; 48-53]

Neogi, Sen, and Chapman 1969 (6)

[16-20; 32-45; 5.0-8.1; 25-40]

Neogi, Sen, and Chapman 1969 (4)

[11-16; 69-78; 5.2-8.1; 25-40]

High f'c

(9-)

Kilpatrick and Rangan 1997 (24)

[21.4; 42; 13.9; 59]

Prion and Boehme 1989 (6)

[14.0; 92; 13.3; 36-48]


Rangan and Joyce 1992 (7) [13-23; 64; 9.8; 32]

Table C3. Cyclic Circular Beam-Column Tests

(L D≥ 10)

Low D/t

(5 - 24)

Medium D/t

(24 - 50)

High D/t

(50 - )

Low f'c

(2-5)

Kawano and Matsui 1997 (3)

[5.1; 20; 4.6; 51.2]


Elchalakani, Zhao, and Grzebieta 2004 (1)


Elchalakani and Zhao 2008 (1)

Huang, Huang, and Zhong 1991 (19)

[9.1-17.5; 25-32; 4.0-4.6; 34-44]


Kawano and Matsui 1997 (26)

[5-20; 25-46; 4.4-4.9; 50-61]


Elchalakani, Zhao, and Grzebieta 2004 (12)


Elchalakani and Zhao 2008 (5)


Han and Yang 2005 (4)

Huang, Huang, and Zhong 1991 (4)

[12.8-15.4; 54; 4.0; 34-44]


Elchalakani, Zhao, and Grzebieta 2004 (10)


Elchalakani and Zhao 2008 (4)

Medium f'c

(5-9)

Sato, Saito, and Suzuki 1991 (3)

[7.3; 19; 5.2; 55.8]


Kawano and Matsui 1997 (2)

[5.0; 19; 5.8; 60.0]

Kawano and Matsui 1988 (10)

[6.8-40.9; 26.3; 4.8-5.1; 48.5]


Huang, Huang, and Zhong 1991 (16) [5.5-8.8; 27-52; 5.3; 34-44]


Sugano, Nagashima, and Kei 1992 (1)

[6.7; 37.5; 5.4; 58]


Kawano and Matsui 1997 (7)

[5.1, 19.7; 29.1, 46.5; 5.0-6.7; 47, 51]


Elremaily and Azizinamini 2002 (1)

[6.7; 34; 5.8; 54]


Han and Yang 2005 (4)

Kawano and Matsui 1997 (6)

[5.0; 50, 53; 5.2, 5.4; 47-54]


Elremaily and Azizinamini 2002 (1)

[6.7; 51 5.8; 54]

High f'c

(9-)

Ichinohe et al. 1991 (2)

[2.0; 48-53; 9.6; 51-85]


Elremaily and Azizinamini 2002 (2)

[6.7; 34; 15; 54] (2)

Prion and Boehme 1989 (9)

[14.0; 92; 13.3; 36-48]


Elremaily and Azizinamini 2002 (2)

[6.7; 51; 10.1-15; 54]