CFT Connection Studies

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Summarized Studies

Author(s) Year Publication Reference Links
Alostaz & Schneider 1996 Journal of Constructional Steel Research Alostaz, Y. M. and Schneider, S. P. (1996). “Analytical Behavior of Connections to Concrete-Filled Steel Tubes,” Journal of Constructional Steel Research, Vol. 40, No. 2, pp. 95-127. doi:10.1016/S0143-974X(96)00047-8 Summary
Azizinamini et al. 1992 Proceedings of the SSRC Annual Technical Meeting Azizinamini, A., Prakash, B., Prishtina, B., and Salmon, D. C. (1992). “Through Connection Detail for Composite Columns in Highrise Buildings,” Proceedings of the SSRC Annual Technical Meeting, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, April 6-7, 1992, Structural Stability Research Council, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, pp. 225-236. Summary
Bai, Nie, & Cai 2008 Journal of Structural Engineering Bai, Y., Nie, J., and Cai, C. S. (2008). “New Connection System for Confined Concrete Columns and Beams. II: Theoretical Modeling.” Journal of Structural Engineering, 134(12), 1800–1809. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9445(2008)134:12(1800) Summary
Beutel, Thambiratnam, & Perera 2001 Engineering Structures Beutel, J., Thambiratnam, D., and Perera, N. (2001). “Monotonic Behaviour of Composite Column to Beam Connections,” Engineering Structures, Vol. 23, pp. 1152-1161. doi:10.1016/S0141-0296(01)00002-5 Summary
Beutel, Thambiratnam, & Perera 2002 Engineering Structures Beutel, J., Thambiratnam, D., and Perera, N. (2002). “Cyclic Behaviour of Concrete Filled Steel Tubular Column to Steel Beam Connections,” Engineering Structures, Vol. 24, pp. 29-38. doi:10.1016/S0141-0296(01)00083-9 Summary
Cheng, Hwang, & Chung 2000 Proceedings of the Sixth ASCCS International Conference on Steel-Concrete Composite Structures Cheng, C., Hwang, P., and Chung, L. (2000). “Connection Behaviors of Steel Beam to Concrete-Filled Circular Steel Tubes,” Composite and Hybrid Structures, Proceedings of the Sixth ASCCS International Conference on Steel-Concrete Composite Structures, Xiao, Y. and Mahin, S. A. (eds.), Los Angeles, California, March 22-24, 2000, Association for International Cooperation and Research in Steel-Concrete Composite Structures, Los Angeles, California, pp. 581-589. Summary
Cheng & Chung 2003 Journal of Constructional Steel Research Cheng, C.-T. and Chung, L.-L. (2003). "Seismic Performance of Steel Beams to Concrete-filled Steel Tubular Column Connections," Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 59(3), p. 405-426. doi:10.1016/S0143-974X(02)00033-0 Summary
Cheng, Chan & Chung 2007 Journal of Constructional Steel Research Cheng, C.-T., Chan, C.-F., and Chung, L.-L. (2007). "Seismic Behavior of Steel Beams and CFT Column Moment-Resisting Connections with Floor Slabs," Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 63(11), p. 1479-1493. doi:10.1016/j.jcsr.2007.01.014 Summary
Dunberry, LeBlanc, & Redwood 1987 Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering Dunberry, E., LeBlanc, D., and Redwood, R. G. (1987). “Cross-Section Strength of Concrete-Filled HSS Columns at Simple Beam Connections,” Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol. 14, pp. 408-417. Summary
Elremaily & Azizinamini 2001 Journal of Constructional Steel Research Elremaily, A. and Azizinamini, A. (2001). "Experimental Behavior of Steel Beam to CFT Column Connections," Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 57(10), p. 1099-1119. doi:10.1016/S0143-974X(01)00025-6 Summary
France, Davison, & Kirby 1996 Proceedings of the Seventh International Symposium on Tubular Structures France, J. E., Davison, J. B., and Kirby, P. A. (1996). “Experimental Testing of Flowdrill Connectors with Concrete-Filled SHS Columns,” Tubular Structures VII, Proceedings of the Seventh International Symposium on Tubular Structures, Farkas J. and Jarmai, K. (eds.), University of Miskolc, Hungary, August 28-30, 1996, pp. 333-340. Summary
France, Davison, & Kirby 1999 Journal of Constructional Steel Research France, J. E., Davison, J. B., and Kirby, P. A. (1999a). “Strength and Rotational Response of Moment Connections to Tubular Columns Using Flowdrill Connectors” Journal of Constructional Steel Research, Vol. 50, pp. 1-14. doi:10.1016/S0143-974X(98)00235-1 Summary
France, Davison, & Kirby 1999 Journal of Constructional Steel Research France, J. E., Davison, J. B., and Kirby, P. A. (1999b). “Strength and Rotational Stiffness of Simple Connections to Tubular Columns using Flowdrill Connectors.” Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 50(1), 15–34. doi:10.1016/S0143-974X(98)00236-3 Summary
France, Davison, & Kirby 1999 Journal of Constructional Steel Research France, J. E., Davison, J. B., and Kirby, P. A. (1999c). “Moment Capacity and Rotational Stiffness of Endplate Connections to Concrete-filled Tubular Columns with Flowdrilled Connectors” Journal of Constructional Steel Research, Vol. 50, pp. 35-48. doi:10.1016/S0143-974X(98)00237-5 Summary
Fujimoto et al. 2000 Proceedings of the Sixth ASCCS International Conference on Steel-Concrete Composite Structures Fujimoto, T., Inai, E., Tokinoya, H., Kai, M., Mori, K., Mori, O., and Nishiyama, I. (2000). “Behavior of Beam-To-Column Connection of CFT Column System Under Seismic Force,” Composite and Hybrid Structures, Proceedings of the Sixth ASCCS International Conference on Steel-Concrete Composite Structures, Xiao, Y. and Mahin, S. A. (eds.), Los Angeles, California, March 22-24, 2000, Association for International Cooperation and Research in Steel-Concrete Composite Structures, Los Angeles, California, pp. 557-564. Summary
Fukumoto & Morita 2000 Proceedings of the Sixth ASCCS International Conference on Steel-Concrete Composite Structures Fukumoto, T. and Morita K. (2000). “Elasto Plastic Behavior of Steel Beam to Square Concrete Filled Steel Tube(CFT) Column Connections,” Composite and Hybrid Structures, Proceedings of the Sixth ASCCS International Conference on Steel-Concrete Composite Structures, Xiao, Y. and Mahin, S. A. (eds.), Los Angeles, California, March 22-24, 2000, Association for International Cooperation and Research in Steel-Concrete Composite Structures, Los Angeles, California, pp. 565-572. Summary
Hsu & Lin 2006 Journal of Constructional Steel Research Hsu, H. L., and Lin, H. W. (2006). “Improving Seismic Performance of Concrete-Filled Tube to Base Connections.” Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 62(12), 1333–1340. doi:10.1016/j.jcsr.2006.02.002 Summary
Kamba, Kanatani, & Tabuchi 1991 Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Steel-Concrete Composite Structures Kamba, T., Kanatani, H., and Tabuchi, M. (1991). “Strength and Rigidity of Joint Panel of Concrete Filled CHS Column-to-Beam Connections,” Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Steel-Concrete Composite Structures,” Wakabayashi, M. (ed.), Fukuoka, Japan, September 26-29, 1991, Association for International Cooperation and Research in Steel-Concrete Composite Structures, pp. 189-194. Summary
Kawano & Matsui 1997 Composite Construction in Steel and Concrete III Kawano, A. and Matsui, C. (1997). “New Connections Using Vertical Stiffeners Between H-Shaped Beams and Hollow or Concrete-Filled Square Tubular Columns,” Composite Construction in Steel and Concrete III, Buckner, C. D. and Shahrooz, B. M. (eds.), Proceedings of the Engineering Foundation Conference, Irsee, Germany, June 9-14, 1996, American Society of Civil Engineers, New York, New York, pp. 172-185. Summary
Kingsley et al. 2005 International Journal of Steel Structures Kingsley, A., Williams, T., Lehman, D., and Roeder, C. (2005). "Experimental Investigation of Column-to-Footing Connections for High-Strength Vanadium Steel Concrete Filled Tube Construction," International Journal of Steel Structures, 5, 377-387. Summary
Lehman and Roeder 2012 Journal of Constructional Steel Research Lehman, D. E., and Roeder, C. W. (2012). “Foundation Connections for Circular Concrete-filled Tubes.” Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 78, 212–225. doi:10.1016/j.jcsr.2012.07.001 Summary
Lee, Kim, & Song 2008 Journal of Constructional Steel Research Lee, C.-H., Kim, J.-W., and Song, J.-G. (2008). “Punching Shear Strength and Post-Punching Behavior of CFT Column to RC Flat Plate Connections.” Journal of Constructional Steel Research, Vol. 64, No. 4, pp. 418-428. doi:10.1016/j.jcsr.2007.08.003 Summary
MacRae et al. 2004 Journal of Structural Engineering MacRae, G., Roeder, C. W., Gunderson, C., and Kimura, Y. (2004). “Brace-Beam-Column Connections for Concentrically Braced Frames with Concrete Filled Tube Columns,” Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 130, No. 2, February, pp. 233-243. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9445(2004)130:2(233) Summary
Nie, Bai, & Cai 2008 Journal of Structural Engineering Nie, J., Bai, Y., and Cai, C. S. (2008). “New Connection System for Confined Concrete Columns and Beams. I: Experimental Study.” Journal of Structural Engineering, 134(12), 1787–1799. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9445(2008)134:12(1787) Summary
Nie, Qin, & Cai 2008 Journal of Structural Engineering Nie, J., Qin, K., and Cai C.S. (2008). "Seismic Behavior of Connections Composed of CFSSTCs and Steel-concrete Composite Beams - Finite Element Analysis," Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 64 (6), pp. 680-688. doi:10.1016/j.jcsr.2007.12.003 Summary
Nie, Qin, & Cai 2008 Journal of Structural Engineering Nie, J., Qin, K., and Cai C.S. (2008). "Seismic Behavior of Connections Composed of CFSSTCs and Steel-concrete Composite Beams-experimental Study," Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 64 (10), pp. 1178-1191. doi:10.1016/j.jcsr.2007.12.004 Summary
Nishiyama et al. 2004 Journal of Structural Engineering Nishiyama, I., Fujimoto, T., Fukumoto, T., and Yoshioka, K. (2004). “Inelastic Force-Deformation Response of Joint Shear Panels in Beam-Column Moment Connections to Concrete-Filled Tubes.” Journal of Structural Engineering, 130(2), 244–252. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9445(2004)130:2(244) Summary
Peng, Ricles, & Lu 2000 Proceedings of the Sixth ASCCS International Conference on Steel-Concrete Composite Structures Peng, S., Ricles, J. M., Lu, L. (2000). “Full-scale Testing of Seismically Resistant Moment Connections For Concrete-filled Tube Column-to-WF Beam Hybrid Systems,” Composite and Hybrid Structures, Proceedings of the Sixth ASCCS International Conference on Steel-Concrete Composite Structures, Xiao, Y. and Mahin, S. A. (eds.), Los Angeles, California, March 22-24, 2000, Association for International Cooperation and Research in Steel-Concrete Composite Structures, Los Angeles, California, pp. 591-598. Summary
Prion & McLellan 1992 Proceedings of the ASCE Tenth Structures Congress '92 Prion, H. G. L. and McLellan, Andrew B. (1992). “Connecting Steel Beams to Concrete-Filled Steel Columns,” Proceedings of the ASCE Tenth Structures Congress '92, Morgan, J. (ed.), San Antonio, Texas, April 13-16, 1992, American Society of Civil Engineers, New York, New York, pp. 918-921. Summary
Ricles et al. 1997 Composite Construction in Steel and Concrete III Ricles, J. M., Lu, L.-W., Graham, W. W., Jr., and Vermaas, G. W. (1997). “Seismic Performance of CFT Column-WF Beam Rigid Connections,” Composite Construction in Steel and Concrete III, Buckner, C. D. and Shahrooz, B. M. (eds.), Proceedings of the Engineering Foundation Conference, Irsee, Germany, June 9-14, 1996, American Society of Civil Engineers, New York, New York, pp. 282-297. () Summary
Ricles, Peng, & Lu 2004 Journal of Structural Engineering Ricles, J. M., Peng, S. W., and Lu, L. W. (2004). “Seismic Behavior of Composite Concrete Filled Steel Tube Column-Wide Flange Beam Moment Connections,” Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 130, No. 3, February, pp. 223-232. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9445(2004)130:2(223) Summary
Schneider & Alostaz 1998 Journal of Constructional Steel Research Schneider, S. P. and Alostaz, Y. M. (1998). “Experimental Behavior of Connections to Concrete-Filled Steel Tubes,” Journal of Constructional Steel Research, Vol. 45, No. 3, pp. 321-352. doi:10.1016/S0143-974X(97)00071-0 Summary
Shakir-Khalil 1993 Composite Construction in Steel and Concrete II Shakir-Khalil, H. (1993a). “Full-Scale Tests on Composite Connections,” Composite Construction in Steel and Concrete II, Easterling, W. S. and Roddis, W. M. K. (eds.), Proceedings of the Engineering Foundation Conference, Potosi, Missouri, June 14-19, 1992, American Society of Civil Engineers, New York, New York, pp. 539-554. Summary
Shakir-Khalil 1993 Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Tubular Structures Shakir-Khalil, H. (1993b). “Connection of Steel Beams to Concrete-Filled Tubes,” Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Tubular Structures, Nottingham, England, U.K., August, pp. 195-203. () Summary
Shakir-Khalil 1994 Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Steel-Concrete Composite Structures Shakir-Khalil, H. (1994a). “Finplate Connections to Concrete-Filled Tubes,” Steel-Concrete Composite Structures, Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Steel-Concrete Composite Structures, Javor, T. (ed.), Kosice, Slovakia, 20-23 June 1994, held by the Association for International Cooperation and Research in Steel-Concrete Composite Structures, Expertcentrum, Bratislava, Slovakia, 1994, pp. 181-185. Summary
Shakir-Khalil 1994 Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Tubular Structures Shakir-Khalil, H. (1994b). “Beam Connections to Concrete-Filled Tubes, “ Tubular Structures VI, Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Tubular Structures, Grundy, P., Holgate, A., and Wong, W. (eds.), Melbourne, Australia, 14-16 December 1994, A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 1994, pp. 357-364.
Shakir-Khalil & Al-Rawdan 1995 Shakir-Khalil, H. and Al-Rawdan, A. (1995). “Behaviour of Concrete-Filled Tubular Edge Columns,” Proceedings, Istanbul, Turkey, June. Summary
Shakir-Khalil & Mahmoud 1995 Nordic Steel Construction Conference '95 Shakir-Khalil, H. and Mahmoud, M. A. (1995). “Steel Beam Connections to Concrete-Filled Tubular Columns,” Nordic Steel Construction Conference '95, Sweden, June. () Summary
Shakir-Khalil & Al-Rawdan 1996 Proceedings of the Seventh International Symposium on Tubular Structures Shakir-Khalil, H. and Al-Rawdan, A. (1996). “Behaviour of Asymmetrically Loaded Concrete-Filled Tubular Columns,” Tubular Structures VII, Proceedings of the Seventh International Symposium on Tubular Structures, Farkas J. and Jarmai, K. (eds.), University of Miskolc, Hungary, August 28-30, 1996, pp. 363-370. Summary
Shin et al. 2004 Engineering Structures Shin, K. J., Kim, Y. J., Oh, Y. S., and Moon, T. S. (2004). “Behavior of Welded CFT Column to H-beam Connections with External Stiffeners.” Engineering Structures, 26(13), 1877–1887. doi:10.1016/j.engstruct.2004.06.016 Summary
Wang, Han, & Uy 2007 Journal of Constructional Steel Research Wang, W.-D., Han, L.-H., and Uy, B. (2008). “Experimental Behaviour of Steel Reduced Beam Section to Concrete-Filled Circular Hollow Section Column Connections.” Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 64(5), 493–504. doi:10.1016/j.jcsr.2007.10.005 Summary
Wu et al. 2005 Journal of Constructional Steel Research Wu, L. Y., Chung, L. L., Tsai, S. F., Shen, T. J., and Huang, G. L. (2005). “Seismic Behavior of Bolted Beam-to-Column Connections for Concrete Filled Steel Tube.” Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 61(10), 1387–1410. doi:10.1016/j.jcsr.2005.03.007 Summary
Yao, Goldsworthy, & Gad 2008 Journal of Structural Engineering Yao, H., Goldsworthy, H., and Gad, E. (2008). “Experimental and Numerical Investigation of the Tensile Behavior of Blind-Bolted T-Stub Connections to Concrete-Filled Circular Columns.” Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 134, No. 2, pp. 198-208. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9445(2008)134:2(198) Summary

Supplementary References

Analyses

Author(s) Year Publication Reference
Al-Rodan 2004 Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE Al-Rodan, A.-K. (2004). “T-Cleat Connections to Concrete-Filled Tubular Internal Columns,” Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 130, No. 5, May, pp. 725-731. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9445(2004)130:5(725)
Chen 2011 Applied Mechanics and Materials Chen, X. (2011). “Stress Transferring Mechanism and the Bearing Capacity of Joints between Concrete-Filled Square Steel Tubular Special-Shaped Columns and Steel Beams,” Applied Mechanics and Materials, v. 105-107, pp. 926-930. doi:10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.105-107.926
Chen et al. 2012 Tubular Structures XIV Chen, J., Jin, W. L., Ye, Y., Sheng, X. H. (2012). “Design of Concrete Filled Tubular CHS T-Joints Under In-plane Bending,” Tubular Structures XIV - Proceedings of the 14th International Symposium on Tubular Structures, ISTS 2012, 89-94.
Choi et al. 2007 Steel and Composite Structures Choi, S.-M., Jung, D.-S., Kim, D.-J., and Kim, J.-H. (2007). “An Evaluation Equation of Load Capacities for CFT Square Column-to-beam Connections with Combined Diaphragm.” Steel and Composite Structures, 7(4), 303-320.
Choi Hong, & Kim 2006 Advances in Structural Engineering Choi, S.-M., Hong, S.-D., and Kim, Y.-S. (2006). “Modeling Analytical Moment-Rotation Curves of Semi-Rigid Connections for CFT Square Columns and Steel Beams.” Advances in Structural Engineering, 9(5), 697-706. doi:10.1260/136943306778827538
Elremaily & Azizinamini 2000 Composite and Hybrid Systems Elremaily, A. and Azizinamini, A. (2000). “Analytical Modeling of Through Beam Connection Detail,” Composite and Hybrid Systems, ACI SP-196, Aboutaha, R. S. and Bracci, J . M. (eds.), American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, Michigan.
Fukomoto et al. 2010 Journal of Structural and Construction Engineering Fukomoto, T., Kubota, J., Yoshikai, S., and Ogihara, Y. (2010). “Local Elasto-plastic Behavior of Steel Beam to Concrete-filled Square Steel Tube Column Moment-Side Stiffener Connection Detail,” Journal of Structural and Construction Engineering, 75(651), p. 1005-1012.
Horichi et al. 2003 Proceedings of the Tenth International Symposium on Tubular Structures Horichi, N., Yoda, T., Katuo, S., and Hosaka, T. (2003). “Capacity to Carry Static Load at the Corner Joints of a Rigid Frame with Concrete-Filled Circular Steel Pipes,” Tubular Structures X, Proceedings of the Tenth International Symposium on Tubular Structures, Jaurrieta, M. A., Alonso, A., and Chica, J. A. (eds.), Madrid, Spain, 18-20 September 2003, Swets & Zeitlinger, Lisse, The Netherlands, pp. 543-552.
Hu & Leon 2011 Nonlinear Dynamics Hu, J. W. and Leon, R. T. (2011). “Analyses and Evaluations for Composite-moment Frames with SMA PR-CFT Connections,” Nonlinear Dynamics, 65(4), 433-455. doi:10.1007/s11071-010-9903-3
Hu, Choi, & Leon 2011 Smart Materials and Structures Hu, J. W., Choi, E., and Leon, R. T. (2011). “Design, Analysis and Application of Innovative Composite PR Connections Between Steel Beams and CFT Columns,” Smart Materials and Structures, 20(2). doi:10.1088/0964-1726/20/2/025019
Ji et al. 1990 Tubular Structures, Proceedings of the Third International Symposium Ji, H., Kanatani, H., Tabushi, M., Kamba, T., and Ishikawa, M. (1990). “Behavior of Concrete Filled RHS-Column to H-Beam Connections Fabricated with HT-Bolts,” Tubular Structures, Proceedings of the Third International Symposium, Niemi, E. and Mäkeläinen, P., G. J. (eds.), Lappeenranta, Finland, 1-2 September 1989, Elsevier Science, Essex, England, pp. 196-203.
Jones & Wang 2010 Journal of Constructional Steel Research Jones, M.H., and Wang, Y.C. (2010). "Tying Behaviour of Fin-Plate Connection to Concrete-Filled Rectangular Steel Tubular Column - Development of a Simplified Calculation Method," Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 66 (1), pp. 1-10. doi:10.1016/j.jcsr.2009.07.011
Jones & Wang 2011 Journal of Constructional Steel Research Jones M.H., Wang Y.C. (2011). "Shear and Bending Behaviour of Fin Plate Connection to Concrete Filled Rectangular Steel Tubular Column Development of a Simplified Calculation Method," Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 67 (3), pp. 348-359. doi:10.1016/j.jcsr.2010.10.006,
Kawano & Matsui 1998 Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium on Tubular Structures Kawano, A. and Matsui, C. (1998). “A Moment-Rotation Model for Connections of H-beams to Concrete Filled RHS Columns,” Tubular Structures VIII, Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium on Tubular Structures, Choo, Y. S., and Van der Vegte, G. J. (eds.), Singapore, 26-28 August 1998, A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, pp. 605-613.
Lam & Dai 2012 Tubular Structures XIV Lam, D. and Dai, X. H. (2012). “Finite Element Modelling of Beam to Concrete Filled Elliptical Steel Column Connections,” Tubular Structures XIV - Proceedings of the 14th International Symposium on Tubular Structures, ISTS 2012, 289-296.
Lee, Yang, & Choi 2010 Steel and Composite Structures Lee, S.-H., Yang, I.-S., and Choi, S.-M. (2010). “Structural Characteristics of Welded Built-up Square CFT Column-to-Beam Connections with External Diaphragms,” Steel and Composite Structures, 10(3), p. 261-279.
Lee, Kim, & Choi 2012 Steel and Composite Structures Lee, S.-H., Kim, Y.-H., and Choi, S.-M. (2012). “Shear Strength Formula of CFST Column-Beam Pinned Connections,” Steel and Composite Structures, 13(5), 409-421.
Lei et al. 2008 Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Heterogeneous Material Mechanics Lei, J. S., Zou, Y. S., Wang, R. H., and Yao, Y. (2008). “Mechanical Behavior Analysis on Steel Plate Joint of Concrete-filled Square Steel Tubular Column with SRC Beam,” Advances in Heterogeneous Material Mechanics 2008 - Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Heterogeneous Material Mechanics, ICHMM 2008, 232-235.
Li & Li 2011 Applied Mechanics and Materials Li, C. and Li., R. (2011). “Seismic Performance of Concrete-Filled-Tube Column to RBS Beam Connections with Crossing Diaphragm - Finite Element Analysis.” Applied Mechanics and Materials, v. 71-78, Frontiers of Green Building, Materials and Civil Engineering, 1495-1498. doi:10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.71-78.1495
Matsui 1981 Research Report Matsui, C. (1981). “Design Formulae of Stiffeners of Beam-to-Column Connections with Concrete Filled Square Steel Tube,” Research Report No. 5-1, Chugoku-Kyushu Branches of AIJ, pp. 317-320.
Nie, Qin, & Cai 2009 Journal of Constructional Steel Research Nie, J.G., Qin, K. and Cai, C.S. (2009). "Seismic Behavior of Composite Connections - Flexural Capacity Analysis," Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 65(5), 1112-1120. (SCI) doi:10.1016/j.jcsr.2008.12.003
Park et al. 2008 Advances in Structural Engineering Park, S., Choi, S., Park, Y., Kim, Y., and Kim, J. (2008). “Ductility Characteristics of Partially Restrained Beam-to-Column Composite Connections in Concrete Filled Square Tubes.” Advances in Structural Engineering, 11(5), 565-575. doi:10.1260/136943308786411989
Tschemmernegg, Fink, & Muller 1997 Composite Construction in Steel and Concrete III Tschemmernegg, F., Fink, A., and Muller, G. (1997). “First Building in Austria with a Composite Frame Designed According to ENV 1994-1,” Composite Construction in Steel and Concrete III, Buckner, C. D. and Shahrooz, B. M. (eds.), Proceedings of the Engineering Foundation Conference Irsee, Germany, June 9-14, 1996, American Society of Civil Engineers, New York, New York, pp. 545-553.
Vandegans & Janss 1995 Connections in Steel Structures III: Behavior, Strength, and Design, Bjorhovde Vandegans, D. and Janss, J. (1995). “Connection Between Steel Beams and Concrete-Filled R.H.S. Based on the Stud Technique (Threaded Stud),” Connections in Steel Structures III: Behavior, Strength, and Design, Bjorhovde, R., Colson, A., and Zandonini, R. (eds.), Proceedings of the Third International Workshop, 29-31 May 1995, Trento, Italy, Pergamon, Amsterdam, pp. 67-76.
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Experiments

Author(s) Year Publication Reference Links
Alostaz & Schneider 1996 Civil Engineering Studies Alostaz, Y. M. and Schneider, S. P. (1996). “Connections to Concrete-Filled Steel Tubes,” Civil Engineering Studies, Structural Engineering Series No. 613, Report No. UILU-ENG-96-2011, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, October.
Azizinamini & Prakash 1993 Structural Engineering in Natural Hazards Mitigation Azizinamini, A. and Prakash, B. A. (1993). “An Innovative Connection Detail for High-Rise Buildings,” Structural Engineering in Natural Hazards Mitigation, Proceedings of the Eleventh ASCE Structures Congress '93, April 19-21, 1993, Irvine, California, American Society of Civil Engineers, New York, New York, pp. 1220-1225.
Azizinamini et al. 1993 Composite Construction in Steel and Concrete II Azizinamini, A., Prakash, B., Prishtina, B., and Salmon, D. C. (1993). “New Steel Beam to Composite Column Connection Detail,” Composite Construction in Steel and Concrete II, Proceedings of the Engineering Foundation Conference, Easterling, W. S. and Roddis, W. M. (eds.), Potosi, Missouri, June 14-19, 1992, American Society of Civil Engineers, New York, New York, pp. 854-868.
Azizinamini & Prakash 1993 Engineering Journal, AISC Azizinamini, A. and Prakash, B. (1993). “A Tentative Design Guideline for a New Steel Beam ConnectionDetail to Composite Tube Columns,” Engineering Journal, AISC, Vol. 30, No. 3, Third Quarter, pp. 108-115.
Azizinamini & Schneider 2004 Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE Azizinamini, A. and Schneider, S. P. (2004). “Moment Connections to Circular Concrete-Filled Steel Tube Columns,” Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 130, No. 2, February, pp. 213-222.
Azizinamini, Shekar, & Saadeghvaziri 1995 Engineering Structures Azizinamini, A., Shekar, Y., and Saadeghvaziri, M. A. (1995). “Design of Through Beam Connection Detail for Circular Composite Columns,” Engineering Structures, Vol. 17, No. 3, April 1995, pp. 209-213.
Ansourian 1974 Centre des recherches scientifiques et techniques de l'industrie des fabrications metalliques Ansourian, P. (1974). “Rigid-Frame Connections to Concrete-Filled Tubular Steel Columns,” Report MT86, Centre des recherches scientifiques et techniques de l'industrie des fabrications metalliques, Brussels, Belgium,1974.
Chan, Chen, & Jin 2010 Journal of Constructional Steel Research Chan, J., Chen, J., and Jin, W.-L. (2010). "Experiment Investigation of Stress Concentration Factor of Concrete-Filled Tubular T joints," Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 66 (12), pp. 1510-1515. doi:10.1016/j.jcsr.2010.06.004
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Choi et al. 2010 Journal of Constructional Steel Research Choi, S.-M., Park, S.-H., Yun, Y.-S., and Kim, J.-H. (2010). "A Study on the Seismic Performance of Concrete-filled Square Steel Tube Column-to-beam Connections Reinforced with Asymmetric Lower Diaphragms," Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 66 (7), pp. 962-970. doi:10.1016/j.jcsr.2010.01.004
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