CFT Member Studies

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Summarized Studies

  1. Aho, M. and Leon, R. T. (1997). “A Database for Encased and Concrete-Filled Columns,” Report No. 97-01, School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia.
  2. Aval, S. B. B., Saadeghvaziri, M. A., and Golafshani, A. A. (2002). “Comprehensive Composite Inelastic Fiber Element for Cyclic Analysis of Concrete-Filled Steel Tube Columns,” Journal of Engineering Mechanics, ASCE, Vol. 128, No. 4, April, pp. 428-437.
  3. Bergmann, R. (1994). “Load Introduction in Composite Columns Filled With High Strength Concrete,” Tubular Structures VI, Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Tubular Structures, Grundy, P., Holgate, A., and Wong, B. (eds.), Melbourne, Australia, 14-16 December 1994, A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, pp. 373-380.
  4. Bode, H. (1976). “Columns of Steel Tubular Sections Filled with Concrete Design and Applications,” Acier Stahl, No. 11/12, pp. 388-393.
  5. Bridge, R. Q. (1976). “Concrete Filled Steel Tubular Columns,” Report No. R283, School of Civil Engineering, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia, 1976.
  6. Bridge, R. Q. and Webb, J. (1993). “Thin Walled Circular Concrete Filled Steel Tubular Columns,” Composite Construction in Steel and Concrete II, Proceedings of the Engineering Foundation Conference, Easterling, W. S. and Roddis, W. M. (eds.), Potosi, Missouri, June 14-19, 1992, ASCE, New York, New York, pp. 634-649.
  7. Bridge, R. Q. and Yeung, S. (1993). “The Definition of a Short Composite Column,” Composite Construction in Steel and Concrete II, Proceedings of the Engineering Foundation Conference, Easterling, W. S. and Roddis, W. M. (eds.), Potosi, Missouri, June 14-19, 1992, ASCE, New York, New York, pp. 809-824.
  8. Cai, S.-H. (1988). “Ultimate Strength of Concrete-Filled Tube Columns,” Composite Construction in Steel and Concrete, Proceedings of the Engineering Foundation Conference, Buckner, C. D. and Viest, I. M. (eds.), Henniker, New Hampshire, 7-12 June 1987, ASCE, New York, pp. 702-727.
  9. Cai, S.-H. (1991). “Influence of Moment Distribution Diagram on Load-Carrying Capacity of Concrete-Filled Steel Tubular Columns,” Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Steel-Concrete Composite Structures, Wakabayashi, M. (ed.), Fukuoka, Japan, September 26-29, 1991, Association for International Cooperation and Research in Steel-Concrete Composite Structures, pp. 113-118.
  10. Cederwall, K., Engstrom, B., and Grauers, M. (1990). “High-Strength Concrete Used in Composite Columns,” Second International Sympsium on Utilization of High-Strength Concrete, Hester, W. T. (ed.), Berkeley, California, May, pp. 195-214.
  11. Chen, W. F. and Chen C. H. (1973). “Analysis of Concrete-Filled Steel Tubular Beam-Columns,” Memoires, IABSE, Vol. 33, No. II, pp. 37-52.
  12. Chung, K., Chung, J., and Choi, S. (2007). “Prediction of Pre- and Post-Peak Behavior of Concrete-Filled Square Steel Tube Columns under Cyclic Loads using Fiber Element Method.” Thin-Walled Structures, Vol. 45, No. 9, pp. 747-758.
  13. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (1979). Structural Design of Tall Steel Buildings, Monograph on the Planning and Design of Tall Buildings, Vol. SB, ASCE, New York, pp. 671-680.
  14. El Din, H. Z., Matsui, C., and Tsuda, K. (1993). “Stability and Post-Buckling Behavior of Concrete Filled Square Tubular Columns,” Journal of Structural Engineering, Japan Society of Civil Engineering, Vol. 39B, pp. 323-334.
  15. El-Remaily, A., Azizinamini, A., Zaki, M., and Filippou, F. (1997). “Seismic Behavior of High Strength Concrete-Filled Tube Beam-Columns,” Proceedings of the PCI/FHWA International Symposium on High Performance Concrete, New Orleans, Loiusiana, October 20-22, 1997, PCI, Detroit, Michigan, pp. 383-393.
  16. Elremaily, A. and Azizinamini, A. (2002). “Behavior and Strength of Circular Concrete-Filled Tube Columns,” Journal of Constructional Steel Research, Vol. 58, pp. 1567-1591.
  17. Elchalakani, M., Zhao, X. L., and Grzebieta, R. H. (2001). “Concrete-filled Circular Steel Tubes Subjected to Pure Bending,” in preparation.
  18. Elchalakani, M., Zhao, X.-L., and Grzebieta, R. (2004). “Concrete-Filled Steel Circular Tubes Subjected to Constant Amplitude Cyclic Pure Bending,” Engineering Structures, Vol. 26, pp. 2125-2135.
  19. Elchalakani, M., and Zhao, X.-L. (2008). “Concrete-Filled Cold-Formed Circular Steel Tubes Subjected to Variable Amplitude Cyclic Pure Bending.” Engineering Structures, Vol. 30, No. 2, pp. 287-299.
  20. Fujimoto, T., Nishiyama, I., Mukai, A., and Baba, T. (1996). “Test Results of Concrete Filled Steel Tubular Beam-Columns,” Proceedings of the Third Joint Technical Coordinating Committee Meeting, U.S.-Japan Cooperative Research Program, Phase 5: Composite and Hybrid Structures, Hong Kong, December 12-14, 1996, National Science Foundation, Arlington, Virginia.
  21. Fujimoto, T., Mukai, A., Nishiyama, I., and Sakino, K. (2004). “Behavior of Eccentrically Loaded Concrete-Filled Steel Tubular Columns,” Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 130, No. 2, February, pp. 203-212.
  22. Furlong, R. W. (1967). “Strength of Steel-Encased Concrete Beam Columns,” Journal of the Structural Division, ASCE, Vol. 93, No. ST5, pp. 113-124.
  23. Furlong, R. W. (1968). “Design of Steel-Encased Concrete Beam Columns,” Journal of the Structural Division, ASCE, Vol. 94, No. ST1, pp. 267-281.
  24. Gardner, N. J. and Jacobson, E. R. (1967). “Structural Behavior of Concrete Filled Steel Tubes,” Journal of the American Concrete Institute, Vol. 64, No. 11, pp. 404-413.
  25. Gardner, N. J. (1968). “Use of Spiral Welded Steel Tubes in Pipe Columns,” Journal of the American Concrete Institute, Vol. 65, No. 11, pp. 937-942.
  26. Ghannam, S., Jawad, Y. A., and Hunaiti, Y. (2004). “Failure of Lightweight Aggregate Concrete-Filled Steel Tubular Columns,” Steel and Composite Structures, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 1-8.
  27. Giakoumelis, G. and Lam, D. (2003). “Axial Capacity of Circular Concrete-Filled Tube Columns,” Journal of Constructional Steel Research, Vol. 60, pp. 1049-1068.
  28. Goode, C. D. (2007). “ASCCS Database of Concrete-Filled Steel Tube Columns,” Available Online: http://web.ukonline.co.uk/asccs2/
  29. Guo, L., Zhang, S., Kim, W.-J., and Ranzi, G. (2007). “Behavior of square hollow steel tubes and steel tubes filled with concrete.” Thin-Walled Structures, 45(12), 961-973.
  30. Hajjar, J. F. and Gourley, B. C. (1996). “Representation of Concrete-Filled Tube Cross-Section Strength,” Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 122, No. 11, November, pp. 1327-1336.
  31. Hajjar, J. F. and Gourley, B. C. (1997a). “A Cyclic Nonlinear Model for Concrete-Filled Tubes. I. Formulation,” Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 123, No. 6, June, pp. 736-744.
  32. Hajjar, J. F., Gourley, B. C., and Olson, M. C. (1997b). “A Cyclic Nonlinear Model for Concrete-Filled Tubes. II. Verification,” Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 123, No. 6, June, pp. 745-754.
  33. Hajjar, J. F., Schiller, P. H., and Molodan, A. (1998a). “A Distributed Plasticity Model for Concrete-Filled Steel Tube Beam-Columns with Interlayer Slip,” Engineering Structures, Vol. 20, No. 8, August, pp. 663-676.
  34. Hajjar, J. F., Molodan, A., and Schiller, P. H. (1998b). “A Distributed Plasticity Model for Cyclic Analysis of Concrete-Filled Steel Tube Beam-Columns and Composite Frames,” Engineering Structures, Vol. 20, Nos. 4-6, April-June, pp. 398-412.
  35. Han, L.-H. and Yan, S.-Z. (2000). “Experimental Studies on the Strength with High Slenderness Ratio Concrete Filled Steel Tubular Columns,” Composite and Hybrid Structures, Proceedings of the Sixth ASCCS International Conference on Steel-Concrete Composite Structures, Xiao, Y. and Mahin, S. A. (eds.), Los Angeles, California, March 22-24, 2000, Association for International Cooperation and Research in Steel-Concrete Composite Structures, Los Angeles, California, pp. 419-426.
  36. Han, L. H., and Yang, Y. F. (2005). “Cyclic Performance of Concrete-Filled Steel CHS Columns Under Flexural Loading,” Journal of Constructional Steel Research, Vol. 61 No. 4, pp. 423-452.
  37. Han, L. H., Yao, G. H., and Tao, Z. (2007). “Performance of Concrete-Filled Thin-Walled Steel Tubes Under Pure Torsion.” Thin-Walled Structures, Vol. 45 No. 1, pp. 24-36.
  38. Han, L.-H., Zhao, X.-L., and Tao, Z. (2001). “Test and Mechanics Model for Concrete-Filled SHS Stub Columns, Columns, and Beam-Columns,” Steel and Composite Structures, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 51-74.
  39. Hardika, M. S. and Gardner, N. J. (2004). “Behavior of Concrete-Filled Hollow Structural Section Beam Columns to Seismic Shear Displacements,” ACI Structural Journal, Vol. 101, No. 1, pp. 39-46.
  40. Herrera, R., Ricles, J., and Sause, R. (2006). “Experimental Study of a Large-Scale Composite MRF System with CFT Columns under Seismic Loading,” Proceedings of the 8th U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering, San Francisco, California, 18-22 April 2006, EERI, Oakland, California.
  41. Herrera, R. A., Ricles, J. M., and Sause, R. (2008). “Seismic Performance Evaluation of a Large-Scale Composite MRF Using Pseudodynamic Testing.” Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol. 134, No. 2, pp. 279-288.
  42. Hsu, H.-L. and Yu, H.-L. (2003). “Seismic Performance of Concrete-Filled Tubes with Restrained Plastic Hinge Zones,” Journal of Constructional Steel Research, Vol. 59, pp. 587-608.
  43. Huang, S., Huang, X, and Zhong, S. (1991). “Experimental Research on Behavior of CFST Member Resisting Lateral Load,” Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Steel-Concrete Composite Structures, Wakabayashi, M. (ed.), Fukuoka, Japan, September 26-29, 1991, Association for International Cooperation and Research in Steel-Concrete Composite Structures, pp. 107-112.
  44. Ichinohe, Y., Matsutani, T., Nakajima, M., Ueda, H., and Takada, K. (1991). “Elasto-Plastic Behavior of Concrete Filled Steel Circular Columns,” Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Steel-Concrete Composite Structures, Wakabayashi, M. (ed.), Fukuoka, Japan, September 26-29, 1991, Association for International Cooperation and Research in Steel-Concrete Composite Structures, pp. 131-136.
  45. Inai, E. and Sakino, K. (1996). “Simulation of Flexural Behavior of Square Concrete Filled Steel Tubular Columns,” Proceedings of the Third Joint Technical Coordinating Committee Meeting, U.S.-Japan Cooperative Research Program, Phase 5: Composite and Hybrid Structures, Hong Kong, December 12-14, 1996, National Science Foundation, Arlington, Virginia.
  46. Inai, E., Noguchi, T., Mori, O., and Fujimoto, T. (2000). “Deformation Capacity and Hysteretic Model of Concrete-Filled Steel Tubular Beam-Columns, Composite and Hybrid Structures, Proceedings of the Sixth ASCCS International Conference on Steel-Concrete Composite Structures, Xiao, Y. and Mahin, S. A. (eds.), Los Angeles, California, March 22-24, 2000, Association for International Cooperation and Research in Steel-Concrete Composite Structures, Los Angeles, California, pp. 605-612.
  47. Inai, E., Mukai, A., Kai, M., Tokinoya, H., Fukumoto, T., and Mori, K. (2004). “Behavior of Concrete-Filled Steel Tube Beam Columns,” Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 130, No. 2, February, pp. 189-202.
  48. Johansson, M. and Gylltoft, K. (2002). “Mechanical Behavior of Circular Steel-Concrete Composite Stub Columns,” Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 128, No. 8, August, pp. 1073-1081.
  49. Kawaguchi, J., Morino, S., Atsumi, H., and Yamamoto, S. (1993). “Strength Deterioration Behavior of Concrete-Filled Steel Tubular Beam-Columns,” Composite Construction in Steel and Concrete II, Proceedings of the Engineering Foundation Conference, Easterling, W. S. and Roddis, W. M. (eds.), Potosi, Missouri, June 14-19, 1992, ASCE, New York, New York, pp. 825-839.
  50. Kawaguchi, J., Morino, S., and Sugimoto, T. (1997). “Elasto-Plastic Behavior of Concrete-Filled Steel Tubular Frames,” Composite Construction in Steel and Concrete III, Proceedings of the Engineering Foundation Conference, Buckner, C. D. and Shahrooz, B. M. (eds.), Irsee, Germany, June 9-14, 1996, American Society of Civil Engineers, New York, New York, pp. 272-281.
  51. Kawaguchi, J., Morino, S., Shirai, J. and Tatsuta, E. (1998). “Database and Structural Characteristics of CFT Beam-Columns,” Proceedings of the Fifth Pacific Structural Steel Conference, Seoul, Korea, October 13-16, 1998.
  52. Kawaguchi, J., Morino, S., Sugimoto, T., and Shirai, J. (2002). “Experimental Study on Structural Characteristics of Portal Frames Consisting of Square CFT Columns,” Composite Construction in Steel and Concrete IV, Hajjar, J. F., Hosain, M., Easterling, W. S., and Shahrooz, B. M. (eds.), United Engineering Foundation, American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston, Virginia.
  53. Kawano, A. and Matsui, C. (1988). “Experimental Study on Hysteretic Behavior of Concrete Filled Tubular Members under Repeated Axial Loading,” Proceedings of the Ninth World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Tokyo-Kyoto, August 2-9, 1988, 9WCEE Organizing Committee, Japan Association for Earthquake Disaster Prevention, Tokyo, Vol. IV, pp. IV-133 - IV-138.
  54. Kawano, A. and Matsui, C. (1997). “Buckling Behavior and Aseismic Properties of Concrete-Filled Tubular Members under Cyclic Axial Loading,” Composite Construction in Steel and Concrete III, Buckner, C. D. and Shahrooz, B. M. (eds.), Proceedings of the Engineering Foundation Conference, Irsee, Germany, June 9-14, 1996, American Society of Civil Engineers, New York, New York, pp. 602-615.
  55. Kawano, A. and Matsui, C. (2000). “New Connections Using Vertical Stiffeners Between H-Shaped Beams and Hollow or Concrete-filled Square Tubular Columns,” Composite Construction in Steel and Concrete III, Buckner, C. D. and Shahrooz, B. M. (eds.), Proceedings of the Engineering Foundation Conference, Irsee, Germany, June 9-14, 1996, American Society of Civil Engineers, New York, New York, pp. 172-185.
  56. Kilpatrick, A. and Rangan, B. V. (1997). “Behaviour of High-Strength Composite Columns,” Composite Construction—Conventional and Innovative, Proceedings of the International Conference, Innsbruck, Austria, September 16-18, 1997, International Association of Bridge and Structural Engineers, Lausanne, Switzerland, pp. 789-794.
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Supplementary References

Box Columns: Filled and Hollow

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Combined SRC/CFT Beam-Columns

CFT Beam-Columns: Analyses

CFT Beam-Columns: Experiments